Table of Contents

Brain Anatomy

The Neocortex
Functional Regions of the Neocortex
Brain Symmetry
Brain Areas Beneath the Neocortex

Cells of the Nervous System
Specialized Subcellular Structures
The Neuronal Cytoskeleton
Axonal and Dendritic Transport Mechanisms
The Growth Cone in Nerve Fiber Development and Regeneration

Electrical Activity of Nerve Cells   
Ion Channels in Nerve Cell Membranes
The Membrane Potential and Action Potential
Ion Concentration Gradients and Diffusion
Differences Between Membrane Potential and the Equilibrium Potential - A Driving force for Ion Movement
The Action Potential - A Temporary Change in the Membrane Potential
Action Potential Ion Channels
Action Potential Refractory Periods
Action Potential Propagation
Propagation Velocity of the Action Potential
Synaptic Transmission

Structure of the Synapses
Presynaptic Mechanisms of Chemical Transmission
Postsynaptic Mechanisms of Chemical Transmission
Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials
Inhibatory Postsynaptic Potentials
Closing of Ion Channels by Receptors
Termination of Synaptic Transmission
Recycling of Neurotransmitters
Diffuse and Discrete Chemical Synapses
Electrical Synapses

Neurotransmitters and Receptors

Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors
Muscarininc Acetylcholine Receptors
Biogenic Amines
Amino Acids Neurotransmitters
Gamma Amino Butyric Acids
Neuropeptide Neurotransmitters

Somatosensory System

General Mechanisms of Sensory Transduction
Sensory Adaptation
Types of Somatic Sensory Receptors

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